What actually is a respiratory allergy? We often hear that some symptoms presented by our children may be allergic reactions, but what does that mean?
The pediatrician Danielle Negri detailed blog for the characteristics, causes and measures for the control of respiratory allergies. When one parent has an allergy, the child’s risk also have some kind is four times !!
Important and enlightening text to protect our little ones. It’s easy to tell if your child has a genetic predisposition to allergies: just look at the family history. According to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies (ISAAC) when one parent has an allergy, the risk that the child will also have some kind is four times higher. If the couple have the problem, the risk to the child happens to be seven times higher. But that does not mean that it will have a crisis in the first few months of life. Typically, the first allergy accesses occur before the age of ten, but may appear even in adulthood.
Allergy is an over-reaction of the body upon exposure to a trigger in this environment. It is determined by genetic and environmental factors and usually allergy begins in childhood and can continue into adulthood.When uncontrolled, allergy can cause frequent infections, such as ear infections, sinusitis, tonsillitis and pneumonia. Can compromise sleep, growth and development of children, and also academic achievement and work.
With age, allergy tends to improve, provided that it is an environmentally efficient control identifying the risk factor that triggers allergic reaction through testing and observation of the child. More important than treating the child is to interrupt the contact of the child with the offending agent.
Allergens: are the factors to which the child is allergic to genetic determination. The most common are house dust mites, fungi present in the mold, for pets like dogs and cats, bird feathers, cockroaches, pollens and grasses.
Infections: cause of cold and flu viruses are common allergy triggers, especially in young children.
Irritants: These are the factors to which the child is not allergic, but that can trigger allergy in mucosal irritation. The most common are cigarette smoke, paint, perfumes, cleaning chemicals derived fuels and any other pollutants with a strong odor.
Physical: Exercise, emotional factors, sudden change in temperature, cold air, dry air and moisture.
The allergy may affect the eyes (allergic conjunctivitis), nose (allergic rhinitis), the lungs (asthma or allergic bronchitis), the skin (urticaria and atopic dermatitis) and the cardiovascular system, this at high risk of death.Most allergic individuals presents combination of two or more events such as, for example, allergic rhinitis and asthma.
The identification of the allergen is the first step in prevention. No treatment will be effective if the allergen is not away.
How to control the environment
Against mites: Put mite covers (plastic, leather or vinyl) on the pillow and mattress; Clean the covers with a damp cloth every two weeks; changing bed linen at least twice a week and wash in warm water once a week;storing books and toys in closed boxes, outside the child’s room; remove carpets, rugs and stuffed animals of the rooms where the child is more; exchange curtains for blinds or use washable cotton curtains; weekly wash the air conditioning filters; maintain good ventilation to reduce humidity; clean the house with damp cloth daily. Avoid cleaners, mops and brooms. We recommend the use of coconut soap; mite solutions (5% carbolic acid, for example) may be used in flooring, furniture and upholstery.
For cockroach: Meals should be performed only in the kitchen area; the food should be stored in closed containers immediately after finishing a meal; dishes and silverware should be rinsed immediately after the end of the meals; food scraps should be avoided; waste should be effectively closed and removed from the house every night; semiannually clean grease traps and close the drainage drains; if these measures are not sufficient, it is recommended extermination by a qualified professional.
Against fungi: Maintain good lighting and ventilation in the house; maintain good water drainage in the house and around it; remove old furniture and old house plans; use dehumidifier in humid places of the house; check the plumbing, so that there are no leaks in the walls; antifungal solution (bleach, for example) can be used in the walls and cabinets for removal of the mold.
Pets: Keep dogs and cats in easy to clean areas, avoiding their presence in rooms and rooms with carpets; keep the hair always short of dogs and wash them with shampoo weekly; bathe dogs and cats whenever possible;keep birds in remote locations of the rooms in the house; it is worth noting that the ideal is that domestic animals are removed from the home.
General measures: Avoid smoking indoors; prevent any other irritants in the house (paint, perfumes, cleaning products, etc.).